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Number and Operations
• Understand place value through billions
• Be proficient in counting money and making change
• Develop, use number sense for whole numbers, fractions, decimals
• Develop and apply number theory concepts, e.g. multiples, primes and factors in real world and mathematical situations
• Determine pairs of numbers given a relation or rule, and determine the relation or rule of given pairs of numbers
• Understand how basic mathematical operations are related
• Develop, analyze and explain procedures for computation and techniques for estimation
• Select appropriate methods and tools for computing with whole numbers, fractions and decimals
• Round whole numbers to the designated place value
• Identify/generate equivalent forms of fractions, decimals, percents
• Recognize, model/describe multiples, factors, composites, primes
• Determine the GCF and LCM of two numbers
• Convert fractions to the LCD
• Reduce fractions to simplest form (lowest terms)
• Add and subtract time using renaming

• Graph linear equations with one variable
• Use calculators, computers, tables and graphs to develop and interpret patterns
• Understand and use formulas; apply order of operations rules
• Develop skill in solving and writing linear equations
• Investigate inequalities and nonlinear equations

• Learn the relationship between radius and diameter
• Classify angles according to the measure
• Identify and select appropriate units to measure angles (degrees)
• Understand and use linear, square and cubic units
• Count faces, vertices and edges; create perspective drawings
• Describe ray, segment, interior and exterior of an angle
• Recognize and create patterns with tessellations

• Identify the paths between points on a grid or coordinate plane and compare the lengths of the paths
• Demonstrate and describe difference between covering the faces (surface area), and filling interior (volume), of 3-dimensional objects
• Use standard angles (45º,90º,120º) to estimate the measure of angles and use a protractor to measure and draw angles
• Convert one metric unit to one customary unit
• Understand that measurement is not exact, e.g. when measured multiple times, measurements may give slightly different numbers
• Understand and explain how differences in units affect precision
• Measure length to the nearest cm and ⅛ of an inch

Data Analysis and Probability
• Collect and organize data, then determine appropriate method and scale to display data
• Find the mean, median, mode and range of a given set of data and use these measures to describe the set of data
• Use calculators to simplify computations and use computers to assist in generating and analyzing information
• Analyze data and make predictions/conjectures based on samples
• Distinguish between a population and a sample
• Discuss the reasonableness of the data and the results
• List all possible outcomes of an event
• Read, construct and interpret frequency tables
• Make predictions based on experimental/theoretical probabilities



Fruit of the Spirit: Applying these gifts to real life
• Know that each person has been given unique talents and spiritual gifts by God
• Understand that God always was and will always be a God of love
• Understand that God created humanity with the power of choice
• Know that God’s character of love is revealed through His laws and interaction with His people
• Understand that the God of the Old Testament is the same God as the New Testament
• Understand the covenant relationship God initiated with His people and the role of faith, repentance, and forgiveness
• Recognize the importance of showing kindness toward and acceptance of people who are different
• Recognize that as the Holy Spirit works in lives of people, people become more and more like Jesus and will reflect His love and goodness to others
• Understand that God continues to offer the gift of salvation
• Understand the importance of daily commitment to God and relying on His power for a victorious life

Social Studies

History: The development of the US through the ravages of the
Civil War

• Trace the routes of major European explorers
• Identify the founders and study how the colonies grew
• Explain reasons for people moving from Europe to the Americas
• Describe the impact of exploration and settlement on native Indians
• Explain causes,conditions,consequences of French and Indian War
• Identify the causes of the American Revolution
• Evaluate contributions of women during the American Revolution
• Discuss the United States Constitution and the Bill of Rights
• Describe the Louisiana Purchase and Lewis and Clark expedition
• Explain concept of Manifest Destiny
• Describe issues associated with the westward expansion of slavery
• Understand the War of 1812
• Analyze the causes of events leading to the Civil War
• Discuss Ellen White’s vision that shows God’s involvement in the outcome of the Civil War

Civics and Government
• Explain the Magna Carta and development of the US Constitution
• Summarize the Preamble to the US Constitution
• Compare the Constitution to the Ten Commandments
• Describe various kinds of elections and how they are conducted
• Describe the 3 branches of the US government and their functions
• Examine how citizens voice opinions, monitor government and bring about change

• Demonstrate the understanding of latitude and longitude
• Demonstrate how maps are used to portray specific information
• Learn the continents and their locations
• Recognize the four hemispheres of the Earth
• Trace boundaries between the North and South during Civil War
• Name and locate major regions, rivers, mountain ranges, drainages, and the continental divides of North America
• Understand and explain reasons for human migration
• Know how the Earth’s position, relative to the sun, affects earth
• Describe how land was used by Native Indians and colonists
• Describe the abuse of natural resources in the past and how their use has changed to preserve those resources over time
• Tell how natural features influenced historical events - movements

• Understand how economics brought about the Revolution
• Describe economic incentives associated to westward expansion
• Describe how regions were linked economically and how trade affects the way people have their needs and wants met

Individuals, Society, and Culture
• Understand the importance of a personal relationship with Christ
• Identify qualities that make people unique a part of God’s plan
• Tell how cultural groups have contributed to American way of life
• Discuss the impact of prejudice on society
• Recognize the impact of immigration on cultural diversity
• Understand the importance of religious freedom
• Recognize the church’s efforts to alleviate social problems

Physical Education


Spiritual Emphasis
• Recognize God’s ideal for quality living includes a health lifestyle
• Incorporate into one’s lifestyle principles of health
• Avoid at-risk behaviors; achieve balance in work and leisure
• Apply Christian principles in recreation and sports
• Recognize the interaction of physical, mental and spiritual health with emotional and social well-being

Movement and Motor Skills
• Demonstrate mature form for all basic manipulative, locomotor and non-locomotor skills
• Demonstrate increasing competence in more advanced skills
• Adapt and combine skills to the demands of increasingly complex situations of selected movement forms
• Demonstrate beginning strategies for net and invasion games
• Apply previously learned knowledge to improve performance
• Apply information from a variety of internal and external sources
• Identify and apply principles of practice and conditioning that enhance performance
• Recognize sport specific movement patterns applied to games
• Understand terms that describe basic movement
• Use basic offensive/defensive strategies in non-complex settings

Lifestyle and Fitness
• Identify opportunities in the school and community for regular participation in physical activity
• Participate daily in some form of health-enhancing physical activity
• Discover personal interests/capabilities regarding exercise behavior
• Identify the critical aspects of a healthy lifestyle
• Participate in moderate to vigorous activity in a variety of settings
• Monitor intensity of exercise
• Understand the reason for proper cool-down/warm-up techniques
• Begin to develop a strategy for improvement of fitness components
• Work somewhat independently with minimal supervision in pursuit of personal fitness goals
• Meet the health-related fitness standards as defined by a standard physical fitness test
• Recognize physical activity as a positive opportunity for social and group interaction
• Experience enjoyment from participation in physical activities
• Use physical activity to express feelings and relieve stress
• Seek personally challenging experiences

Sportsmanship and Appropriate Behaviors
• Participate in establishing rules, procedures and etiquette that are safe and effective for specific activity situations
• Work cooperatively and productively in a group to accomplish a set goal in cooperative and competitive activities
• Make conscious Christ-like decisions about applying rules, procedures and etiquette
• Utilize time effectively to complete assigned tasks
• Acknowledge differences in the behaviors of people of different gender, culture, ethnicity, development and disability
• Cooperate with disabled peers and those of different gender, race, ethnicity and religion
• Work cooperatively with both more and less skilled peers


Life: Living Things
• Describe, explain and compare the structure and function of cells
• Identify the characteristics of living things and non-living things
• Use the standard classification system to group animals based on their characteristics
• Identify features of fish that distinguish them from other classes of animals
• Identify the main characteristics of birds, reptiles, amphibians, and mammals and how these affect behavior and function of the animal

Health: Personal Mental Health, Interpersonal Human Health, Human Sexuality
• Describe how personality, relationships and self-concept affect mental and emotional health
• Define stress including its positive and negative aspects and how stress relates to decision making
• Identify factors that influence how friends are chosen and the impact of friends on peer pressure
• Know ways to seek assistance if worried, abused or threatened
• Explain human reproduction and development
• Identify the physical, emotional, intellectual and social changes that occur at puberty
• Describe God’s plan for human sexual behavior

Physical: Heat, Energy Waves, Sound, Light
• Describe the relationship between heat and kinetic theory of matter
• Identify, describe and compare different types of wave energy
• Describe the organization of the electromagnetic spectrum and the uses/applications of each type of electromagnetic wave
• Compare electromagnetic waves and mechanical waves
• Explore characteristics of heat, sound, and light
• Compare and contrast types of mirrors and lenses

Earth: Meteorology and Oceanography
• Define meteorology, and purpose of various weather instruments
• Describe how clouds are formed
• Identify characteristics of different storms
• Distinguish between climate and weather
• Describe Earth’s atmospheric layers and the “greenhouse” effect
• Explain air pressure and local/global winds, how they are measured and their effects on weather
• Explain water cycle and relationship to weather/climatic patterns
• Describe physical structures and ecosystems present in the ocean
• Explain currents, tides, ocean waves, and ocean water composition
• Identify resources from the sea, how humans affect ocean ecology

Scientific Inquiry: May be included in each unit of study
• Make observations
• Ask questions or form hypotheses based on these observations
• Plan a simple investigation and collect date from the investigation
• Use the data collected from the investigation to explain the results
• Safely use and store tools and equipment

Service/Career Options
• Explore ways to use Physical, Life, Health, and/or Earth Science to serve the community
• Identify careers in areas of Science

Fine Arts

• Select media, techniques and processes; analyze what makes them effective/not effective; identify the effectiveness of choices
• Employ organizational structures and analyze their effectiveness in the communication of ideas
• Use subjects, themes and symbols that demonstrate knowledge of contexts, values and aesthetics
• Describe, place a variety of art objects in historical/cultural context
• Analyze, describe, demonstrate how factors of time/place influence visual characteristics to give meaning/value to a work of art
• Describe and compare a variety of individual responses to their own artworks and to artworks from various eras and cultures
• Describe ways in which the principles and subject matter of other disciplines taught in the school are interrelated with the visual arts

• Know names of lines and spaces of bass clef
• Identify and write symbols for sharp, flat and natural
• Sight-read a musical phrase
• Use D.C. al fine
• Know symbols and meanings for ritardando and accelerando
• Know symbols/meanings for crescendo, decrescendo, diminuendo
• Listen to music of the baroque period
• Learn names of some hymn writers

Language Arts

Extended Reading and Writing
• Read to obtain information
• Use decoding and context to read
• Use the writing process and write using story elements
• Write expository papers and a picture book
• Edit, spelling, grammar and punctuation
• Recognize and read grade-appropriate sight words
• Write for various purposes and audiences

Comprehending, Studying, and Evaluating Ideas
• Write paragraphs with main ideas and details
• Retell or take notes on narratives using story plans
• Determine meaning of unfamiliar words and phrases
• Develop two-column notes and charts
• Identify bias in visual, auditory, and literary works
• Discern between good/evil, real/imaginary, fact/opinion
• Use graphic organizers
• Evaluate by opinion-proof notes and persuasive paragraphs
• Analyze author’s craft and story elements
• Synthesize information from multiple, reliable resources
• Analyze main ideas of print and visual media
• Write summaries
• Develop discriminatory skills

Reference Skills
• Use library references and resources

Word Study
• Read, spell, and write words with short and long vowels
• Correctly spell grade-appropriate words
• Read, spell, write homophones, compound words & contractions
• Read, spell, write and define easily confused words

Sentence Skills
• Identify the subject and predicate in a sentence
• Identify and use conjunctions
• Recognize fragments & run-on sentences;combine short sentences
• Identify and use grade-appropriate punctuation
• Write sentences, paragraphs, and stories
• Edit for usage
• Identify action verbs
• Identify and use correct verb tense, adjectives, proper nouns, proper adjectives and adverbs
• Capitalize and punctuate abbreviations



• Demonstrate proper use/care of computers, input/output devices
• Learn to troubleshoot for basic malfunctions
• Practice keyboarding, using correct hand position and posture
• Use word processing, editing and file management skills
• Begin using presentation software
• Use electronic resources to enhance and access information
• Know proper technology terms
• Understand consumer issues regarding technology
• Investigate technology-related occupations
• Use courtesy while sharing computer time
• Become aware of legal issues when using software
• Identify computer abuse including use of Internet

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